Dyslexia orton gillingham method nj

Building Basic Reading Skills

By Emily Levy, founder & director of EBL Coaching

Many students have trouble with decoding, or sounding out words they have never seen before, particularly those who have dyslexia or language-based learning disabilities.

By using a systematic, multi-sensory approach to teaching, such as the Orton Gillingham
methodology, students can learn to excel in their reading and writing skills. So what does an Orton Gillingham lesson look like?

At the very basic level, using the Orton Gillingham method, we introduce a series of sounds and their corresponding letter(s), and how those sounds blend together to form words.

For instance, we might start by teaching students the letters and sounds for p, f, s, t, and a. We would create audio-visual sound cards for each letter, with the letter on the front and a key picture on the back. P might have a picture of a pizza on the back, f might have a picture of a fish, s might have a sun, and so on.

With the student’s desk cleared, the teacher or parent starts by saying, “This is the letter p (holds the front of the card up), like pizza (turns card around), it makes the sound /p/.” The student repeats that sequence with the instructor and then tries it on his own three times.

Next, we move into skywriting. The instructor holds her hand in the sky and says, “When we
write the letter p, we go down, up, and around (as she forms the letter in the air).” The child
repeats the formation in the air with the teacher, and then tries it on his own.

We then bring out a tray of colored sand. The instructor traces the letter p in the sand, and the
child traces it on his own in the sand three times.

We follow the same sequence for each of the four consonants (p, f, s, t) and short vowel (a) in the group of letters we are focusing on. Learn more about the Orton Gillingham approach at The Orton Gillingham Approach – EBL Coaching.

Once the student has mastered the sounds/letters, we are ready to form both real and nonsense words! We can use our note cards or magnetic tiles to create words such as sat, pat, tap, and so on. When students are ready, we read word lists, sentences, and stories containing these sound patterns. From there we move into other groups of consonants and short vowels (such as n, r, c, k, e, etc.), and eventually blends, digraphs, vowel teams, silent e words, and so on.

At the start of each session it’s important to always review any old sounds before moving onto new ones, and to integrate these previously taught sounds into the lessons.

By teaching and reinforcing this technique, your students will be reading in no time! Read more at Orton Gillingham Tutors NYC and NJ.

Other Related Blogs:

Building Pre-Reading Skills

Build Your Child’s Reading Fluency Skills

Dear Dr. Levy, My son received an excellent report card. I can’t say enough good things about his EBL tutor. She has done a tremendous job helping him improve his reading and writing skills. Most importantly, she is wise and kind. She is always patient with him. Because of his tutor, my son writes with much more ease.
– Parent